Country synopsis

Five years after the conclusion of large-scale military operations against Da’esh, the humanitarian needs in Iraq have decreased considerably, with the number of Iraqis requiring humanitarian assistance declining from 11 million people in 2017 to 2.5 million in 2022. In addition, the rebounding of state revenues by early 2022 enabled the Government of Iraq (GoI) and the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) to be better able to deliver basic services to their own population, including displaced and returnee populations. At the beginning of 2022, the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) in Iraq decided the Clusters should be deactivated by the end of the year as development interventions were assessed as increasingly more appropriate to address the situation for internally displaced persons (IDPs)/returnees and the wider Iraqi population. As part of the transition, the Government of Iraq (GoI) and the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) need to make further efforts to ensure that the rights of all citizens, including those affected by violence from Da'esh, are fulfilled and respected. In addition, UNHCR, as the cluster lead agency for CCCM clusters, worked with the government to find dignified solutions for the 180,000 IDPs still living in 25 camps in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KRI). Beyond the deactivation of the clusters, UNHCR is exploring options including safe and voluntary return, sustainable reintegration, and transforming camps into formal settlements serviced by public institutions.



18 Common Operating Datasets or CCCM-tagged datsets are on the Humanitarian Data Exchange: